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How to Prepare the Land for Farming

Get Your Land Ready to Farm


How to Prepare the Land for Farming
Photo © Lauren Ware

Start With Your Soil

Before you start plowing up sod, it’s important to know what kind of soil you are working with, so you can improve it and amend it as needed for growing the best crops and pasture grasses for animals. Looking at soil texture and fertility and amending as needed are the first steps to preparing your land for planting.

How to Prepare the Land for Planting

Preparing the land for planting a large vegetable garden or crops can seem like a daunting task. Don’t get overwhelmed! For small acreage (under 2-3 acres), you can use a PTO-driven tiller on your tractor to till the soil. You can also hire someone to do the plowing, disking and harrowing.

Install Fencing for Animals

There are many types of fencing, both electric and non-electric, available nowadays for containing farm animals. The type you choose is going to depend upon the animal itself. Goats require a high fence because they can jump – and love to do it! Cows need only a few single strands of electric wire to keep them in a pasture. Poultry and sheep can be temporarily contained with portable “electric netting” – a plastic mesh with electrified wires embedded in it that is easily set up and moved.

After choosing the type of fencing you need, installing the fenceposts is the next step. A post hole auger for your tractor makes the job easier, but there are also manual post hole diggers you can purchase or rent. For electric netting, you simply push each post into the ground as you go.

Electric fencing requires a charger, which can be connected to electric power or run on solar power or batteries. The size of the charger is determined by how much fencing you have and the “brush load,” or the amount of brush and grasses that will be touching the fence.

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